I am not sure why Bathsheba was willing to be the go-between for Adonijah and her son Solomon. But Solomon’s anger at Adonijah’s asking shows that there is more than meets the eye (2:17-18). Adonijah is asking as wife the woman who was David’s nurse and with whom he did not cohabit (1:4). So this is not a case of seeming incest, but of wanting to show the world that he is more man than Daddy was–and probably worse. That is why Solomon is so angry. He understands the reproach upon his father and the gesture saying that Adonijah is better than Solomon and should depose him. And as God commanded in Scripture, he had the rotten apple removed from his midst (he had him executed).
Abiathar was spared his life “at this time” only because he had performed priestly duties before God (2:26). Joab knew what was coming but tried to avoid it, seeking sanctuary in God’s house (2:28), but he was executed there, “to remove the blood he shed from me and my house” (2:31-33). Do you think he acted cowardly at this point? Shimei (the curser) was ordered to build a house in Jerusalem and not leave there (this would have included the pasture lands around the city as well so would have been quite a large area), to this he agreed, but later disobeyed. Then he too was executed (2:36-46).
The latter part of 3:2 lets us know that there is sin in the country; perhaps a hint that Solomon is neglecting his great wisdom to some extent. This is confirmed in 3:3b. But he does pass the test in 3:5-9 and ask for wisdom. What would you have asked for? Note that although wisdom is to be desired, sought after, and prayed for, just because someone is wise does NOT mean that he always does the right thing. Solomon was the wisest man who ever lived and yet he did some really stupid things. We need to use the wisdom God has given us and to ask for more. We also need to realize that we can be (in our own way) just as wise as Solomon should have been (if!). Do you want to please God? Ask for wisdom, then use it for His glory (3:10-14). Solomon’s reaction to God’s promise of blessing was to worship God (3:15).
His wisdom is wonderfully illustrated in 3:16-27. Our reaction to wisdom should be as that of the people of Solomon’s day: we should fear and praise (and worship!) God, knowing that He and ONLY HE is the source thereof (3:28).
Psalm: Even though the wicked may laugh and ridicule David, he tells God that he will continue to praise Him–at all times. And he asks deliverance from all that life throws at him; people, circumstances, and creation itself. He asks that God answer him, and quickly. He knows God is there and hears, but he needs a more constant reminder of God’s mercy and grace. Verses twenty and twenty-one are messianic and should remind you of Christ’s suffering on the cross.