“When the words which David spoke were heard, they told them to Saul, and he sent for him” (17:31). Obviously God was working in David, and the words and manner in which they were spoken were not fearful as were the others present. David had no fear because he had seen God use him powerfully before. Which would be tougher to kill, a hungry bear or a Philistine who has been exercising nothing but his vocal cords for six weeks? David has killed the tougher one and says that God will use him to do so again “because he has taunted the armies of the living God” (17:36b). Goliath verbally abused David, while the latter merely stated the facts, “You are relying on your weapons and size (strength), but I am relying only on God (ULTIMATE strength!–17:45).
Since the text says that David killed the giant with the slung stone (17:50) I assume that he cut off the head 1) because he had said that he would, and 2) to show both armies that the big boy was not playing possum.
Most people assume that David and Jonathan were of a similar age. But one scholar believes that there is great likelihood that Jonathan was several decades older than David. Thus the friendship is shown to be from God and not closeness in age.
The women who rejoiced at their return brought grief to David by inciting Saul’s jealousy. To Saul were attributed thousands of slain, but to David myriads (tens of thousands). This is the beginning of David’s problems with Saul (18:7, 9).
How many people hold a weapon when they are listening to soothing music and trying to calm their demon-hyped nerves (18:10)? Note that Saul was afraid of David! (18:12). Want to be rid of fear? Then stay close to God and obey Him!
David’s comment in 18:18 about him not being good enough to be the king’s son-in-law reflects not only his lack of status, but lack of wealth. It is thought by some scholars that the typical dowry that a man gave to his bride was about the equivalent of three year’s earnings. If a family was poor and kept the dowry instead of the bride keeping it she would have been still a wife but called a concubine. She would have had nothing to invest (the Proverbs 31 woman) and nothing to fall back on if her husband died or divorced her.
Saul wanted to use his daughters to get David killed. David and Michal were attracted to one another and when David was told that Saul only desired the foreskins of one hundred Philistines, again thinking to get David killed, David was happy to pay such and went out and “gathered” TWO hundred Philistine foreskins to show his great love for his woman. Presumably he and his men also acquired the plunder from the two hundred slain as well.
This Psalm (60) is from a time in David’s life when he was struggling against Arameans (cousins of the Hebrews). “God, you have punished us in many ways, please bless us now and help us to be victorious over our enemies, and Yours!”